Neon Blue Jewel Cichlid



neon blue jewel cichlid

DIY aquarium background Jewel cichlid and fry Hemichromis


Turquoise Jewel Cichlid - Hemichromis bimaculatus


Turquoise Jewel Cichlid – Hemichromis bimaculatus


$4.99


Cichlids from the Hemichromis genus are collectively known as the ”Jewel Cichlids”. Many species look similar and this combined with many line-bred variants and crossbreeds can lead to some confusion with regards to identification and common names. They are found in west Africa in a variety of environments and are fairy undemanding with water requirements though they can be sensitive to high pH. Jewel Cichlids can be fairly aggressive compared to their size. They are known fin-nippers and may prey on small fish. A group of juveniles can be kept in a large aquarium but a male/female pair is best kept in a species-only aquarium or with other large fish of a simlar temperament as they will aggressively guard their territory. The coloration of both the female and especially the male intensified during the breeding season. These cichlids are omnivores and will eat a variety of foods. They can be fed appropriately-size flakes (as juveniles) or pellets as well as supplements of meaty frozen foods and vegetation. Spawning occurs after an environmental trigger; namely a temperature change that replicates the rainy season in their natural environment. Eggs will be laid on a flat surface and defended by both parents.

Regans Cichlid - Vieja regani


Regans Cichlid – Vieja regani


$9.99


Regan’s Cichlid is a large; thick bodied fish with pale grey coloration and a few irregularly shaped black spots on its sides. As the fish mature; they may develop iridescence that can vary in hue from fish to fish from green to gold to blue. Dominant males develop large humps on their heads. Vieja cichlids are some of the more aggressive Central American cichlids. They grow large – especially adult males – and need a large aquarium with plenty of room and territory. The aquarium also needs ample filtration to handle the waste produced by the large fish. These fish are omnivores and should be fed a varied diet of meaty foods with some plant matter – appropriately-sized pellets (or flakes for small juveniles) can be supplemented with frozen and fresh foods on occassion.

Powder Blue Cichlid - Pseudotropheus socolofi


Powder Blue Cichlid – Pseudotropheus socolofi


$9.99


Pseudotropheus socolofi is powder blue with black edges on the fins and tail. Females exhibit the same coloration as the males; but may lack the yellow egg spots on the anal fin. These Mbuna are found at various points of Lake Malawi near Mozambique. Malawian and Victorian cichlids are similar in care and temperament; leading to fish from these two lakes being grouped together in the hobby. Several hundreds species of cichlid are found in Lake Malawi; along with many regional variations; but Lake Victoria has far fewer due to the introduction of invasive predators. Most cichlids in both lakes are rock-dwellers. They seldom stray far from the rocky bottoms and sides of the lake and will quickly dart into the rocks to hide. As with all cichlids; they are very territorial and will not tolerate other cichlids around �their� crevice. Two of the most popular groups of these cichlids are the �Peacocks� (mostly the Aulonocara genus) and �Mbuna’s� (native term for �rock fish� and including the genera Pseudotropheus ; Labidochromis ; Maylandia ; Melanochromis and others). While aggression and compatibility can vary from species to species; mixing Mbuna and Peacock cichlids is not usually recommended. Mbuna cichlids tend to be more aggressive and may bully the usually more passive Peacocks but some Mbuna cichlids are far more aggressive than others. Several other groups of cichlids can also be found from these lakes; some of which can be large and aggressive predators; research all choices carefully. Decor for a Malawi/Victoria aquarium should be very rocky. Rock ”piles” and shelf-like backgrounds are common designs and can be made from tufa rock; lava rock or slate. Substrates can range from the whitish coral sand used in saltwater aquariums to black freshwater sand or even regular decorative gravels. Wood tends to lower pH and is not usually recommended for African cichlid aquariums. Visit That Fish Blog for more information from our marine biologists and aquarium staff on African cichlids and many other topics! ** Note about scientific naming : As African cichlids are continually being discovered and redescribed; many scientific names have been changed over time. One of the most affected groups are the fish from the genera Pseudotropheus ; Maylandia ; and Metriaclima . Many of these fish were originally classified in the Pseudotropheus genus but the ”Zebra” group was separated into the Maylandia genus created in 1984. In 1997; the new Metriaclima genus was created as a proposed ”more correct” genus to replace Maylandia . However; the true ”correctness” of the classifications is still highly debated and those three genera are still used interchangeably to refer to the same fish in some references. **

Blue Congo Cichlid - Nanochromis parilus


Blue Congo Cichlid – Nanochromis parilus


$14.99


The Blue Congo Cichlid ( Nanochromis parilus ) is a unique little dwarf cichlid from slow moving waters in the Congo. They have tan bodies with violet-blue iridescence. Their tail has a distinct striping pattern of blue and red on the bottom half; and may have yellow spots in the top half. Blue markings adorn the face and belly; and the anal fin is red with blue speckles towards the tail. This is a tough little species that will not tolerate others of its own species in a small territory. Keep them as a pair; unless your tank is very large. Other cichlids that are mild-tempered but tough may be housed with these fish. Feed them a variety of foods including frozen treats; flakes; and small pellets. Tank decor can consist of mostly rockwork; caves; driftwood; a soft substrate; and plants. This species is a substrate spawner.

Salvin's Cichlid - Cichlasoma salvini - Small


Salvin’s Cichlid – Cichlasoma salvini – Small


$6.99


This attractive cichlid is silvery-gold with black; horizontal; blotchy patches on the dorsal half; and a black stripe from the eye to the tail. Females develop red on their bellies; especially when mating; and males have iridescent blue-green spots particularly on the dorsal half. Other semi-aggressive cichlids make good tankmates; though this fish can become extremely aggressive when spawning. Use discretion when choosing tankmates if housing a pair of salvini. Feed them a variety of foods such as a hearty cichlid flake or pellet; as well as fresh vegetables. Tank decor can be basic rock or driftwood with plenty of hiding places and open swimming areas. Salvini are substrate spawners; and prefer a fine substrate.

Nicaragua Cichlid - Hypsophrys nicaraguensis - Small


Nicaragua Cichlid – Hypsophrys nicaraguensis – Small


$9.99


The Nicaragua Cichlid ( Hypsophrys nicaraguensis ) is also known as the Macaw cichlid for its distinct coloration. It ranges from orange-pink to red-orange toward the back end; and beautiful blue-green on the front of the body. Fins are often very long and may be bright red in color. Females are slightly duller. This is a tough fish; so be sure you keep it with similarly aggressive fish. One established pair per tank is best; as males will fight. Tank decor can consist of rock and driftwood; plus plenty of open swimming area. Feed them a variety of foods; flake; pellet; frozen meaty foods; and fresh vegetable matter.

T-Bar Cichlid - Cryptoheros sajica


T-Bar Cichlid – Cryptoheros sajica


$9.99


A relatively peaceful; sometimes shy fish; the T-Bar Cichlid ( Cryptoheros sajica ) starts out looking rather drab; gray with a noticeable ”T” on its side. Adults; however; become stunningly beautiful; with an assortment of colors. Blue speckles adorn the body; while red and yellow highlight the fins. Eyes can be a turquoise or gold color. This fish should accept a flake or pellet food; as well as frozen meaty foods. Provide tank with small to fine gravel and hiding spots such as rocky caves or driftwood. This species should not be kept with A. nigrofasciatum or its relatives since they may interbreed. This fish can be quite aggressive when protecting its young. If you plan keeping a pair; make sure their tankmates are robust; tough fish. One T-bar works well in a S.A. community aquarium.

Convict Cichlid - Amatitlania nigrofasciata - Small


Convict Cichlid – Amatitlania nigrofasciata – Small


$4.99


Convict Cichlids are so called due to the pattern of black bars adorning their blue-grey bodies. Females will often have bright red; pink; or orange coloration on their bellies; particularly when she is spawning.   As quite an aggressive cichlid; Convicts are best kept with cichlids of larger size or equal temperament. While they will uproot most plants and enjoy digging and moving things around in their home; suitable decoration includes rockwork; driftwood; plants; and any other areas that will provide shelter and hiding space. Convicts are very easy to breed and pairs form quite easily. They may breed numerous times throughout the year; leaving you with a plethora of young fish. Feed Convicts a variety of meaty foods; as well as vegetable matter; like lettuce. A hearty flake or pellet is fine as a staple diet.

Firemouth Cichlid - Thorichthys meeki - Small


Firemouth Cichlid – Thorichthys meeki – Small


$5.99


This beautiful cichlid has a brilliant red throat; as its nickname would imply. The overall body color is a speckled silver with black markings. The elongated fins are trimmed in red and iridescent blue speckles. Firemouths can have a temperament as fiery as their name. Some sources refer to these fish as a more peaceful and some individuals may be more timid but most tend to be fairly bold and pugnacious. Use caution when keeping these fish with others as individual temperaments appear to vary greatly. They can become quite nippy during breeding. While they don’t achieve as large a size as many others; they can often hold their own in a tank with bigger cichlids. They prefer a tank with neutral pH and plenty of plant cover; and rockwork or driftwood for hiding. They tend to stay near the bottom of the tank. Feed them a variety of foods like flake and pellet as a staple diet and occasional frozen meaty foods and spirulina. Breeding Firemouth cichlids is known to be more slightly difficult. Finding a suitable pair is the challenge; but once established; the process comes naturally. They spawn on a smooth rock and both parents guard the eggs and fry. They will often dig pits in the gravel to shelter the free-swimming fry.

Rusty Cichlid - Iodotropheus sprengerae - Juvenile


Rusty Cichlid – Iodotropheus sprengerae – Juvenile


$8.99


These beautiful mbuna; or rock-dwelling cichlids were one of the first species exported from Lake Malawi. The Rusty Cichlid has a rounder head and the basic shape of a Pseudotropheus cichlid. Males usually have intense rust-coloration around their head and violet-blue on the flanks. Malawian and Victorian cichlids are similar in care and temperament; leading to fish from these two lakes being grouped together in the hobby. Several hundreds species of cichlid are found in Lake Malawi; along with many regional variations; but Lake Victoria has far fewer due to the introduction of invasive predators. Most cichlids in both lakes are rock-dwellers. They seldom stray far from the rocky bottoms and sides of the lake and will quickly dart into the rocks to hide. As with all cichlids; they are very territorial and will not tolerate other cichlids around �their� crevice. Two of the most popular groups of these cichlids are the �Peacocks� (mostly the Aulonocara genus) and �Mbuna’s� (native term for �rock fish� and including the genera Pseudotropheus ; Labidochromis ; Maylandia ; Melanochromis and others). While aggression and compatibility can vary from species to species; mixing Mbuna and Peacock cichlids is not usually recommended. Mbuna cichlids tend to be more aggressive and may bully the usually more passive Peacocks but some Mbuna cichlids are far more aggressive than others. Several other groups of cichlids can also be found from these lakes; some of which can be large and aggressive predators; research all choices carefully. Decor for a Malawi/Victoria aquarium should be very rocky. Rock �piles� and shelf-like backgrounds are common designs and can be made from tufa rock; lava rock or slate. Substrates can range from the whitish coral sand used in saltwater aquariums to black freshwater sand or even regular decorative gravels. Wood tends to lower pH and is not usually recommended for African cichlid aquariums. Visit That Fish Blog for more information from our marine biologists and aquarium staff on African cichlids and many other topics!
Thomas Riggson posted at 2011-10-16 Category: Freshwater Aquarium

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